Institute of language, literature and history, Komi RC, Ural branch of RAS, Syktyvkar
PODTY 7 SETTLEMENT (2016 SEASON FINDINGS)
Podty 7 settlement discovered in 2015 was located on the 1st above flood-plain terrace of Podty lake, the dead channel of the Vychegda river not far from Podtybok village in the Kortkeross district of the Komi Republic. The site was preliminarily dated as the middle of the 1st millennium AD. The purpose of 2016 works was the dating and establishing the ethno-cultural relatedness of Podty 7 settlement to the neighboring Ezhol barrow-type burial site of the 5th-6th centuries AD.
The obtained material gave evidences of the presence of two separate cultural and chronological complexes. The first was represented mostly with flint tools. The analogues to the triangle tanged arrowheads of the Seimin type (Fig.1.1), leaf-shaped points with truncated base (Fig. 1.2) and a dart fragment (Fig. 1.3) were encountered in the Ataman-Njur culture Bronze Age sites (middle of the 2nd millennium BC). [Stokolos, 1988. P. 95-187]. Stalkless arrowheads with straight or slightly concave pin (Fig. 1.4) were dated from the Eneolithic, where they could be found in the sites of the Choinovtinskaya culture (the 3rd - third quarter of the 2nd millennium BC) to the late Bronze Age, e.g. they were found in the sites of the Korshakov culture (last quarter of the 2nd - beginning of the 1st millennium BC). [Archaeology…, 1997. С. 262]. Analogues to the tools - simple and combined scrapers on flakes with the reworked working edge (Fig. 1.5-8) could be encountered throughout the Early Metal Age in the territory of the European north-east.
The second complex was represented with pottery sherds, bronze splashes and unimpressive bronze artifacts. The analogues to the ceramics could be found in the sites of the Vanvizdino culture of the late Iron Age. The Podty 7 vessels demonstrated close similarities with the pottery of Vis II settlements of the 4th-5th centuries AD. [Burov, 1967. С. 147], Ugdym III and Shoinaty VI dated as the mid 1st millennium AD. [Korolev, 2002. P. 29]. This was primarily the pottery with cord (Fig. 2.1), comb (Fig. 2.2) and pit-comb (Fig. 2.3) ornamentation.
Its appears that the comb-cord ornamentation vessels (Fig. 2.5) belonged to a later period, compositionally they were close to the Tokhtino settlement ceramics ( of the 7th-8th centuries), but differed from them by the absence of pits [Archaeology…, 1997. С. 464].
The vessels with slanting denticulated stamp imprints chevrons (Fig. 2.4) had analogues both in Vis II [Буров, 1967. P. 215, Table XXXI, 13], and in Ugdym II settlements [Archaeology…, 1997. С. 466-467], where they were referred to the complex dated as the 9th-10th centuries AD.
All the above gives evidence that in the old time the territory of Podty 7 was repeatedly visited by various ethno-cultural groups, including, possibly, during one and the same historical period.
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