Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland.
KLEMENTOWICE. A LATE MAGDALENIAN SETTLEMENT IN EASTERN POLAND
The Magdalenian site in Klementowice has been known since the early 80s of the 20th century. This is the north-easternmost settlement point of the Magdalenian in Central Europe. The poster presents the results of archaeological investigations witch has been conducted till now (1981-1982, 2007-2011). The inventory of the chipped stone artefacts comprises 47023 items, including 2415 retouched tools. The findings obtained so far indicate a great variety of the activities performed within the settlement. Thus it might be assumed that it operated seasonally for a longer period of time. In 2013 radiometric datings were performed, including C14 AMS and luminescence ones (OSL and TL). The result obtained especially for one C14 AMS sample was 12,730±90 BP (15,632 – 14,577 cal BP), which fits perfectly within the time-frame of the Magdalenian horizon.
The inventory from Klementowice, against the backdrop of the entire Magdalenian complex, contains elements characteristic of the so-called Nebra type inventories or the inventories of the Nebra-Andernach-Kanne type (Enlarged Nebra Group; erweiterte Nebraer Gruppe). The sites with inventories of that type are dated to the Oldest Dryas and located in the northern part of the upland belt stretching across the entire Central Europe down to the Paris Basin. Back then, Magdalenian settlement was characterized by large and repeatedly inhabited settlements. Stone inventories were conspicuous by advanced blade technology and classical forms of tools, also found at the Magdalenian sites outside Nebra Group.
The project entitled “Klementowice – Settlement in The Eastern Peripheries of Magdalenian Culture Circle” (02498/13/FPK/NID) received two-year funding (2013-2014) within Cultural Heritage programme, priority: The Conservation of Archaeological Artefacts. The funding was granted by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland. Tadeusz Wiśniewski from the Institute of Archaeology at Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin was responsible for the implementation of the project.
The realisation of the project allowed for the following: formulating basic definitions regarding the character of the site in Klementowice, the stratigraphic position of the cultural findings, and chronology. The project also contributed to the reconstruction of the natural palaeoenvironment of the time where the settlement was inhabited and active.
The final outcome of the project is the publication (issued in English and Polish – only digitally, on a CD; [Wiśniewski, 2015]) that includes the results of the implemented research methods as well as study room and laboratory analyses. The full version of the publication is available free of charge on the above-mentioned website: www.klementowice.eu.
Wiśniewski T. (ed.), Klementowice. A Magdalenian site in eastern Poland. – Lublin, 2015. – 376 p.